Biology Principles of Life
Principles of Life

Principles of Life Hillis • 2nd Edition • 9781464109478

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Ch.1 - Introduction

Characteristics of Life

Ch.2 - The Chemistry and Energy of Life

Atoms Bonding Properties of Water Acids and Bases Carbon

Ch.3 - Nucleic Acids, Proteins, and Enzymes

Polymers Carbohydrates Proteins Nucleic Acids Lipids ATP Enzymes Metabolism

Ch.4 - Cells: The Working Units of Life

Cells Nucleus Cytoskeleton Endomembrane System Endosymbionts Cell Junctions

Ch.5 - Cell Membranes and Signaling

Fluid Mosaic Model Osmosis and Diffusion Facilitated Diffusion Active Transport Bulk Transport Cell Signaling Reception Transduction and Response

Ch.6 - Pathways that Harvest and Store Chemical Energy

Redox Reactions Cellular Respiration Glycolysis Pyruvate Oxidation Citric Acid Cycle ETC and Oxidative Phosphorylation Anaerobic Respiration and Fermentation Photosynthesis Light Reactions Calvin Cycle The Need for CO2

Ch.7 - The Cell Cycle and Cell Division

Cell Division Mitosis Cell Cycle Regulation Sexual Reproduction Meiosis

Ch.8 - Inheritance, Genes, and Chromosomes

Mendel's Experiment Independent Assortment Extensions to Mendel Genetic Counseling Chromosomal Theory of Inheritance Chromosome Abnormalities and Non-Mendelian Inheritance

Ch.9 - DNA and Its Role in Heredity

History of Genetic Research DNA Replication Repair Mechanisms and Telomeres

Ch.10 - From DNA to Protein: Gene Expression

Gene Expression and the Genetic Code Transcription RNA Processing Translation Mutation

Ch.11 - Regulation of Gene Expression

Bacterial Gene Regulation Eukaryotic Gene Regulation

Ch.12 - Genomes


Ch.13 - Biotechnology

DNA Cloning PCR and Dideoxy Sequencing DNA Fingerprinting

Ch.14 - Genes, Development, and Evolution

Developmental Biology Animal Development Plant Development

Ch.15 - Processes of Evolution

Descent with Modification Hardy-Weinberg Model Genetic Variation

Ch.16 - Reconstructing and Using Phylogenies


Ch.17 - Speciation


Ch.18 - The History of Life on Earth

History of Life on Earth

Ch.19 - Bacteria, Archaea, and Viruses

Viruses Prokaryote Cell Structures Prokaryote Reproduction and Gene Exchange Prokaryote Metabolism and Ecology Prokaryote Lineages

Ch.20 - The Origin and Diversification of Eukaryotes

Protist Cells Protist Life Cycles Protist Lineages

Ch.21 - The Evolution of Plants

Land Plants Nonvascular Plants Seedless Vascular Plants Seed Plants

Ch.22 - The Evolution and Diversity of Fungi

Fungi Fungi Reproduction

Ch.23 - Animal Origins and Diversity

Overview of Animals Porifera and Cnideria Lophotrochozoans Ecdysozoans Echinoderms Chordates Aminotes Primates and Homonids

Ch.24 - The Plant Body

Roots and Shoots Tissues Growth

Ch.25 - Plant Nutrition and Transport

Water Potential Soil and Nutrients Nitrogen Fixation

Ch.26 - Plant Growth and Development

Plant Development

Ch.27 - Reproduction of Flowering Plants

Flowers Seeds

Ch.28 - Plants in the Environment

Phototropism Tropisms and Hormones Plant Defenses

Ch.29 - Fundamentals of Animal Function

Animal Tissues Metabolism and Homeostasis Thermoregulation

Ch.30 - Nutrition and Digestion


Ch.31 - Breathing

Respiratory System Gas Exchange

Ch.32 - Circulation

Circulatory System Heart Physiology

Ch.33 - Muscle and Movement

Musculoskeletal System

Ch.34 - Neurons, Sense Organs, and Nervous Systems

Neurons and Action Potentials Central and Peripheral Nervous System Sensory System

Ch.35 - Nervous and Endocrine Control

Endocrine System

Ch.36 - Water and Salts: Excretion

Osmoregulation and Excretion

Ch.37 - Animal Reproduction

Animal Reproduction

Ch.38 - Animal Development

Developmental Biology Animal Development

Ch.39 - Immunology: Animal Defense Systems

Immune System Innate Immunity Adaptive Immunity

Ch.40 - Animal Behavior

Animal Behavior

Ch.41 - The Distribution of Earths Ecological Systems


Ch.42 - Populations

Population Ecology

Ch.43 - Ecological and Evolutionary Consequences of Interactions within and among Species

Community Interactions

Ch.44 - Ecological Communities

Community Structure

Ch.45 - The Global Ecosystem

Ecosystems Conservation Biology