Biology Principles of Life
Principles of Life

Principles of Life Hillis • 2nd Edition • 9781464109478

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Ch.1 - Introduction

Introduction to Biology Characteristics of Life Life's Organizational Hierarchy Natural Selection and Evolution Introduction to Taxonomy Scientific Method Experimental Design

Ch.2 - The Chemistry and Energy of Life

Atoms- Smallest Unit of Matter Introduction to Chemical Bonding Covalent Bonds Noncovalent Bonds Ionic Bonding Hydrogen Bonding Introduction to Water Properties of Water- Cohesion and Adhesion Properties of Water- Density Properties of Water- Thermal Properties of Water- The Universal Solvent Carbon Functional Groups Introduction to Biomolecules Monomers & Polymers Carbohydrates Lipids

Ch.3 - Nucleic Acids, Proteins, and Enzymes

Nucleic Acids ATP Proteins Enzymes Enzyme Activation Energy Enzyme Binding Factors Enzyme Inhibition Introduction to Metabolism Negative & Positive Feedback

Ch.4 - Cells: The Working Units of Life

Microscopes Prokaryotic & Eukaryotic Cells Introduction to Eukaryotic Organelles Endomembrane System: Protein Secretion Endomembrane System: Digestive Organelles Mitochondria & Chloroplasts Introduction to the Cytoskeleton Cell Junctions

Ch.5 - Cell Membranes and Signaling

Biological Membranes Types of Membrane Proteins Passive vs. Active Transport Concentration Gradients and Diffusion Osmosis Introduction to Membrane Transport Simple and Facilitated Diffusion Active Transport Endocytosis and Exocytosis Introduction to Cell Signaling Types of Cell Signaling Classes of Signaling Receptors Signal Amplification

Ch.6 - Pathways that Harvest and Store Chemical Energy

Redox Reactions Introduction to Cellular Respiration Types of Phosphorylation Glycolysis Pyruvate Oxidation Krebs Cycle Electron Transport Chain Chemiosmosis Review of Aerobic Cellular Respiration Fermentation & Anaerobic Respiration Introduction to Photosynthesis Electromagnetic Spectrum Pigments of Photosynthesis Stages of Photosynthesis Light Reactions of Photosynthesis Calvin Cycle

Ch.7 - The Cell Cycle and Cell Division

Introduction to Cell Division Organization of DNA in the Cell Introduction to the Cell Cycle Interphase Phases of Mitosis Cytokinesis Cell Cycle Regulation Review of the Cell Cycle Cancer Homologous Chromosomes Introduction to Meiosis Meiosis I Meiosis II Genetic Variation During Meiosis Mitosis & Meiosis Review

Ch.8 - Inheritance, Genes, and Chromosomes

Introduction to Mendel's Experiments Genotype vs. Phenotype Mendel's Experiments Mendel's Laws Punnett Squares Monohybrid Crosses Test Crosses Dihybrid Crosses Punnett Square Probability Pedigrees Autosomal Inheritance Sex-Linked Inheritance Incomplete Dominance vs. Codominance Epistasis Non-Mendelian Genetics

Ch.9 - DNA and Its Role in Heredity

The Griffith Experiment The Hershey-Chase Experiment Chargaff's Rules Discovering the Structure of DNA Meselson-Stahl Experiment Introduction to DNA Replication DNA Polymerases Leading & Lagging DNA Strands Steps of DNA Replication Telomeres DNA Repair

Ch.10 - From DNA to Protein: Gene Expression

Central Dogma Introduction to Transcription Steps of Transcription Eukaryotic RNA Processing and Splicing Introduction to Types of RNA Genetic Code Introduction to Translation Steps of Translation Post-Translational Modification Review of Transcription vs. Translation Mutations

Ch.11 - Regulation of Gene Expression

Introduction to Regulation of Gene Expression Prokaryotic Gene Regulation via Operons The Lac Operon Glucose's Impact on Lac Operon The Trp Operon Review of the Lac Operon & Trp Operon Introduction to Eukaryotic Gene Regulation Eukaryotic Chromatin Modifications Eukaryotic Transcriptional Control Eukaryotic Post-Transcriptional Regulation Eukaryotic Post-Translational Regulation

Ch.12 - Genomes

Genomes

Ch.13 - Biotechnology

Introduction to DNA-Based Technology Introduction to DNA Cloning Steps to DNA Cloning Introduction to Polymerase Chain Reaction The Steps of PCR Gel Electrophoresis Southern Blotting DNA Fingerprinting Introduction to DNA Sequencing Dideoxy Sequencing

Ch.14 - Genes, Development, and Evolution

Developmental Biology Animal Development Plant Development

Ch.15 - Processes of Evolution

Descent with Modification Hardy-Weinberg Model Genetic Variation

Ch.16 - Reconstructing and Using Phylogenies

Phylogeny

Ch.17 - Speciation

Species

Ch.18 - The History of Life on Earth

History of Life on Earth

Ch.19 - Bacteria, Archaea, and Viruses

Viruses Prokaryote Cell Structures Prokaryote Reproduction and Gene Exchange Prokaryote Metabolism and Ecology Prokaryote Lineages

Ch.20 - The Origin and Diversification of Eukaryotes

Protist Cells Protist Life Cycles Protist Lineages

Ch.21 - The Evolution of Plants

Land Plants Nonvascular Plants Seedless Vascular Plants Seed Plants

Ch.22 - The Evolution and Diversity of Fungi

Fungi Fungi Reproduction

Ch.23 - Animal Origins and Diversity

Overview of Animals Porifera and Cnideria Lophotrochozoans Ecdysozoans Echinoderms Chordates Aminotes Primates and Homonids

Ch.24 - The Plant Body

Roots and Shoots Tissues Growth

Ch.25 - Plant Nutrition and Transport

Water Potential Soil and Nutrients Nitrogen Fixation

Ch.26 - Plant Growth and Development

Plant Development

Ch.27 - Reproduction of Flowering Plants

Flowers Seeds

Ch.28 - Plants in the Environment

Phototropism Tropisms and Hormones Plant Defenses

Ch.29 - Fundamentals of Animal Function

Animal Tissues Metabolism and Homeostasis Thermoregulation

Ch.30 - Nutrition and Digestion

Digestion

Ch.31 - Breathing

Respiratory System Gas Exchange

Ch.32 - Circulation

Circulatory System Heart Physiology

Ch.33 - Muscle and Movement

Musculoskeletal System

Ch.34 - Neurons, Sense Organs, and Nervous Systems

Neurons and Action Potentials Central and Peripheral Nervous System Sensory System

Ch.35 - Nervous and Endocrine Control

Endocrine System

Ch.36 - Water and Salts: Excretion

Osmoregulation and Excretion

Ch.37 - Animal Reproduction

Animal Reproduction

Ch.38 - Animal Development

Developmental Biology Animal Development

Ch.39 - Immunology: Animal Defense Systems

Immune System Innate Immunity Adaptive Immunity

Ch.40 - Animal Behavior

Animal Behavior

Ch.41 - The Distribution of Earths Ecological Systems

Ecology

Ch.42 - Populations

Population Ecology

Ch.43 - Ecological and Evolutionary Consequences of Interactions within and among Species

Community Interactions

Ch.44 - Ecological Communities

Community Structure

Ch.45 - The Global Ecosystem

Ecosystems Conservation Biology