Biology Biology

Biology Brooker • 4th Edition • 978-1259188121

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Ch.1- An Introduction to Biology

Introduction to Biology Characteristics of Life Life's Organizational Hierarchy Natural Selection and Evolution Introduction to Taxonomy Scientific Method Experimental Design

Ch.2 - The Chemical Basis of Life: Atoms, Molecules, and Water

Atoms- Smallest Unit of Matter Isotopes Introduction to Chemical Bonding Covalent Bonds Noncovalent Bonds Ionic Bonding Hydrogen Bonding Introduction to Water Properties of Water- Cohesion and Adhesion Properties of Water- Density Properties of Water- Thermal Properties of Water- The Universal Solvent Acids and Bases pH Scale

Ch.3 - The Chemical Basis of Life II: Organic Molecules

Carbon Functional Groups Introduction to Biomolecules Monomers & Polymers Carbohydrates Lipids Proteins Nucleic Acids

Ch.4 - General Features of Cells

Microscopes Prokaryotic & Eukaryotic Cells Introduction to Eukaryotic Organelles Endomembrane System: Protein Secretion Endomembrane System: Digestive Organelles Mitochondria & Chloroplasts Endosymbiotic Theory Introduction to the Cytoskeleton

Ch.5 - Membrane Structure, Synthesis, and Transport

Biological Membranes Types of Membrane Proteins Introduction to Membrane Transport Passive vs. Active Transport Concentration Gradients and Diffusion Osmosis Simple and Facilitated Diffusion Active Transport Endocytosis and Exocytosis

Ch.6 - An Introduction to Energy, Enzymes, and Metabolism

Introduction to Energy Chemical Reactions Laws of Thermodynamics ATP Enzymes Enzyme Activation Energy Enzyme Binding Factors Enzyme Inhibition Introduction to Metabolism Negative & Positive Feedback

Ch.7 - Cellular Respiration and Fermentation

Introduction to Cellular Respiration Glycolysis Pyruvate Oxidation Krebs Cycle Electron Transport Chain Chemiosmosis Review of Aerobic Cellular Respiration Fermentation & Anaerobic Respiration

Ch.8 - Photosynthesis

Introduction to Photosynthesis Leaf & Chloroplast Anatomy Stages of Photosynthesis Electromagnetic Spectrum Pigments of Photosynthesis Light Reactions of Photosynthesis Calvin Cycle Review of Photosynthesis Photorespiration C3, C4 & CAM Plants

Ch.9 - Cell Communication

Introduction to Cell Signaling Classes of Signaling Receptors Types of Cell Signaling Signal Amplification

Ch.10 - Multicellularity

Cell Junctions

Ch.11 - Nucleic Acid Structure, DNA Replication, and Chromosome Structure

The Griffith Experiment The Hershey-Chase Experiment Chargaff's Rules Discovering the Structure of DNA Meselson-Stahl Experiment Introduction to DNA Replication DNA Polymerases Leading & Lagging DNA Strands Steps of DNA Replication DNA Repair Telomeres Organization of DNA in the Cell

Ch.12 - Gene Expression at the Molecular Level

Central Dogma Introduction to Transcription Steps of Transcription Eukaryotic RNA Processing and Splicing Introduction to Types of RNA Genetic Code Introduction to Translation Steps of Translation Post-Translational Modification Review of Transcription vs. Translation

Ch.13 - Gene Regulation

Introduction to Regulation of Gene Expression Prokaryotic Gene Regulation via Operons The Lac Operon Glucose's Impact on Lac Operon The Trp Operon Review of the Lac Operon & Trp Operon Introduction to Eukaryotic Gene Regulation Eukaryotic Chromatin Modifications Eukaryotic Transcriptional Control Eukaryotic Post-Transcriptional Regulation Eukaryotic Post-Translational Regulation

Ch.14 - Mutation, DNA Repair, and Cancer

Mutations Cancer

Ch.15 - The Eukaryotic Cell Cycle, Mitosis, and Meiosis

Introduction to the Cell Cycle Interphase Phases of Mitosis Cytokinesis Cell Cycle Regulation Review of the Cell Cycle Homologous Chromosomes Introduction to Meiosis Meiosis I Meiosis II Life Cycle of Sexual Reproducers Genetic Variation During Meiosis Mitosis & Meiosis Review

Ch.16 - Simple Patterns of Inheritance

Introduction to Mendel's Experiments Mendel's Experiments Mendel's Laws Genotype vs. Phenotype Punnett Squares Monohybrid Crosses Test Crosses Dihybrid Crosses Incomplete Dominance vs. Codominance Epistasis Non-Mendelian Genetics Pedigrees Autosomal Inheritance Sex-Linked Inheritance Punnett Square Probability

Ch.17 - Complex Patterns of Inheritance


Ch.18 - Genetics of Viruses and Bacteria


Ch.19 - Developmental Genetics

Developmental Biology Plant Development

Ch.20 - Genetic Technology

Introduction to DNA-Based Technology Introduction to DNA Cloning Steps to DNA Cloning Introduction to Polymerase Chain Reaction The Steps of PCR Gel Electrophoresis Southern Blotting DNA Fingerprinting Introduction to DNA Sequencing Dideoxy Sequencing

Ch.21 - Genomes, Proteomes, and Bioinformatics


Ch.22 - The Origin and History of Life on Earth

History of Life on Earth

Ch.24 - Population Genetics

Descent with Modification Hardy-Weinberg Model Genetic Variation

Ch.25 - Origin of Species and Macroevolution


Ch.26 - Taxonomy and Systematics


Ch.27 - Archaea and Bacteria

Prokaryote Cell Structures Prokaryote Reproduction and Gene Exchange Prokaryote Metabolism and Ecology Prokaryote Lineages

Ch.28 - Protists

Protist Cells Protist Life Cycles Protist Lineages

Ch.29 - Plants and the Conquest of Land

Land Plants Nonvascular Plants Seedless Vascular Plants Seed Plants

Ch.31 - Fungi

Fungi Fungi Reproduction

Ch.32 - An Introduction to Animal Diversity

Overview of Animals

Ch.33 - The Invertebrates

Porifera and Cnideria Lophotrochozoans Ecdysozoans Echinoderms

Ch.34 - The Vertebrates

Chordates Aminotes Primates and Homonids

Ch.35 - An Introduction to Flowering Plant Form and Function

Roots and Shoots Tissues Growth

Ch.36 - Flowering Plants: Behavior

Phototropism Tropisms and Hormones Plant Defenses

Ch.37 - Flowering Plants: Nutrition

Soil and Nutrients Nitrogen Fixation

Ch.38 - Flowering Plants: Transport

Water Potential

Ch.39 - Flowering Plants: Reproduction

Flowers Seeds

Ch.40 - Introduction to Animal Form and Function

Animal Tissues

Ch.41 - Neuroscience I: Cells of the Nervous System

Neurons and Action Potentials

Ch.42 - Neuroscience II: Evolution, Structure, and Function of the Nervous System

Central and Peripheral Nervous System

Ch.43 - Neuroscience III: Sensory Systems

Sensory System

Ch.44 - The Muscular-Skeletal Systems and Locomotion

Musculoskeletal System

Ch.45 - Nutrition, Digestion, and Absorption


Ch.46 - Control of Energy Balance, Metabolic Rate, and Body Temperature

Metabolism and Homeostasis Thermoregulation

Ch.47 - Circulatory Systems

Circulatory System Heart Physiology

Ch.48 - Respiratory Systems

Respiratory System Gas Exchange

Ch.49 - Excretory Systems and Salt and Water Balance

Osmoregulation and Excretion

Ch.50 - Endocrine Systems

Endocrine System Blood Sugar Homeostasis

Ch.51 - Animal Reproduction

Animal Reproduction

Ch.52 - Animal Development

Animal Development

Ch.53 - Immune System

Immune System Innate Immunity Adaptive Immunity

Ch.54 - An Introduction to Ecology and Biomes


Ch.55 - Behavioral Ecology

Animal Behavior

Ch.56 - Population Ecology

Population Ecology

Ch.57 - Species Interactions

Community Interactions

Ch.58 - Community Ecology

Community Structure

Ch.59 - Ecosystem Ecology


Ch.60 - Biodiversity and Conservation Biology

Conservation Biology

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