In a Hardy-Weinberg equilibrium, the population maintains a constant frequency for the alleles, and the genotypes of the gene in question. In the given problem, 70% of male cats in the population are black and 9% of female cats are orange. Male cats only have one X chromosome, thus, would not have calico coat color, Allele frequencies, therefore, would be equivalent to their genotypic frequencies: 0.7 X^{B} and 0.3 X^{b}.

In cats, the X^{b} allele causes orange coat color and the X^{B} allele causes black coat color. The alleles are X-linked and codominant, so heterozygotes are calico. Assume that a population offeral cats is in Hardy-Weinberg equilibrium, 70% of male cats in the population are black and 9% of female cats are orange. The frequency of the X^{B} allele is _____ and we expect _____ offemale cats to be calico.

A. 49%; 42%

B. 70%; 42%

C. 30%; 42%

D. 70%; 49%

E. 49%; 30%

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