Problem: Which of the following statements regarding bacteria is incorrect?A. Bacteria do not show extensive internal compartmentalisation.B. Bacteria typically possess a circular chromosome.C. Plasmids are circular extra-chromosomal DNA structures that often encode antibiotic resistance functions.D. Antibiotics always target the bacterial cell wall.

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Bacteria have its genome (i.e. DNA in chromosomes) contained in a single chromosome of circular DNA. This genome contains only about 4000kb of DNA and is operon-regulated. It is, thus, expected that bacteria are relatively smaller and simpler compared to eukaryotic cells.

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Problem Details

Which of the following statements regarding bacteria is incorrect?

A. Bacteria do not show extensive internal compartmentalisation.

B. Bacteria typically possess a circular chromosome.

C. Plasmids are circular extra-chromosomal DNA structures that often encode antibiotic resistance functions.

D. Antibiotics always target the bacterial cell wall.

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Our tutors have indicated that to solve this problem you will need to apply the Prokaryote Cell Structures concept. You can view video lessons to learn Prokaryote Cell Structures. Or if you need more Prokaryote Cell Structures practice, you can also practice Prokaryote Cell Structures practice problems.