Problem: How do the structures of glucose and galactose differ?A. The spatial arrangement of the hydroxyl group of the fourth carbon is different.B. Glucose is a hexose; galactose is a pentose.C. Glucose is an aldose; galactose is a ketose.D. Glucose has more hydrogen and fewer oxygen atoms than galactose.

FREE Expert Solution

Monosaccharides can be formed with different sizes. The smallest are made of three carbon atoms. They can also be classified into aldose, or a ketose, depending on the functional group present. An aldose contains an aldehyde while a ketose contain a ketone. 

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Problem Details

How do the structures of glucose and galactose differ?

A. The spatial arrangement of the hydroxyl group of the fourth carbon is different.

B. Glucose is a hexose; galactose is a pentose.

C. Glucose is an aldose; galactose is a ketose.

D. Glucose has more hydrogen and fewer oxygen atoms than galactose.

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