Biology Practice Problems Translation Practice Problems Solution: Which of the following describes the process of tr...

Solution: Which of the following describes the process of translation?A. mRNA is read 5' to 3' while the new protein is synthesized from the N-terminus to the C-terminusB. mRNA is read 5' to 3' while the new protein is synthesized from the C-terminus to the N-terminus.C. mRNA is read 3' to 5' while the new protein is synthesized from the N-terminus to the C-terminus.D. mRNA is read 3' to 5' while the new protein is synthesized from the C-terminus to the N-terminus.E. Template strand DNA is read 3' to 5' while the new RNA is synthesized from 5' to 3'.F. Template strand DNA is read 5' to 3' while the new RNA is synthesized from 3' to 5'.

Problem

Which of the following describes the process of translation?

A. mRNA is read 5' to 3' while the new protein is synthesized from the N-terminus to the C-terminus

B. mRNA is read 5' to 3' while the new protein is synthesized from the C-terminus to the N-terminus.

C. mRNA is read 3' to 5' while the new protein is synthesized from the N-terminus to the C-terminus.

D. mRNA is read 3' to 5' while the new protein is synthesized from the C-terminus to the N-terminus.

E. Template strand DNA is read 3' to 5' while the new RNA is synthesized from 5' to 3'.

F. Template strand DNA is read 5' to 3' while the new RNA is synthesized from 3' to 5'.

Solution

Translation is the process of polypeptide synthesis using an mRNA template. This polypeptide may or may not combine a multi-subunit structure. But in the end, all translation products will form a functional protein. This process happens in the ribosomes of the rough endoplasmic reticulum.

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