In checking if a population follows the Hardy-Weinberg equilibrium for a certain trait, the sum of the relative frequency of p (dominant allele) and q (recessive allele) should be equal to 1.
p2 + 2pq + q2 = 1
p + q = 1
Given the following genotypic frequencies of AA = 0.39, Aa = 0.56, and aa = 0.05, is this population in Hardy-Weinberg equilibrium? Explain why the data does or does not satisfy the Hardy-Weinberg equilibrium.
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