Problem: Describe the structure characteristics of water and phospholipids. Include how these characteristics result in bilipid membrance formation. Mention the bonds and forces involved.

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Water is a small polar molecule made up of one oxygen atom covalently bonded to two H atoms while phospholipids are relatively a larger class of molecules made up of glycerol connecting two fatty acids and a phosphate group.

The phosphate group, along with the hydroxyl groups of glycerol, is structurally known as the polar head, as it gives the polar character to the phospholipid. The tail-like aliphatic fatty acids are largely nonpolar. These two opposing characters present in a single molecule give phospholipids an amphipathic nature: the polar head is hydrophilic while the nonpolar tail is hydrophobic.

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Describe the structure characteristics of water and phospholipids. Include how these characteristics result in bilipid membrance formation. Mention the bonds and forces involved.

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