Problem: If cartilage is avascular, how do chondrocytes get nutrients and eliminate waste?

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Chondrocytes are avascular and doesn't have blood vessels,. It get their nutrients and eliminate waste products through three different ways:

  • When under low oxygen tension, chondrocytes respire and metabolize glucose by anaerobic glycolysis to produce lactic acid.
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If cartilage is avascular, how do chondrocytes get nutrients and eliminate waste?