a. Given that the secondary oocyte contains only 22 chromosome and will be fertilized with a sperm with 23 chromosomes, the resulting zygote will have 45 chromosomes.
Imagine that a human primary oocyte undergoes the first meiotic division but experiences a nondisjunction event such that both copies of chromosome 7 are transmitted to the first polar body and neither are inherited by the secondary oocyte. Oogenesis is then completed and the resulting egg is fertilized by a healthy sperm with normal chromosomal content.
a. How many chromosomes will be present in the resulting zygote?
b. Would you describe this zygote as haploid, diploid, polyploid, or aneuploid?
c. Would you expect this nondisjunction event to result in substantial phenotypic effects on the resulting offspring or would the outcome be more or less the same as if the nondisjunction event had not occurred?
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