Problem: The following statements describe different types of lipids. Fill in the blanks with the following wordstriacylglycerolsglycerolglycerophospholipidsphingolipidsglycolipidsfatty acidssteroids1) Compounds that contain a fused ring system are called _____. These have three 6-membered rings and one 5-membered ring. some of these compounds are found in biological membranes.2) _____ are the building blocks for many lipids, and they generally contain an even number of carbon atoms and an unbranched hydrocarbon chain.3) _____ are formed when a carbohydrate is glycosidically-linked to a hydroxyl group of a lipid. Examples include gangliosides and cerebrosides. These are also found in biological membranes.4) _____ are the storage form of lipids, accumulating in adipose tissue, and they can be used as metabolic fuel. These compounds have a polar part, made of three ester groups, and a nonpolar fatty acid tail.5) _____ are made up of a long-chain amino alcohol joined, either by a glycosidic linkage or a phosphodiester linkage, to a fatty acid. These do not contain _____. they are abundant in the nervous system.6) When glycerol esterified to two fatty acids and a phosphoric acid molecule a _____ is formed. These are found in biological membranes.

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Lipids:

Triacylglycerols: glycerol + 3 fatty acids; used for fuel

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Problem Details

The following statements describe different types of lipids. Fill in the blanks with the following words

triacylglycerols

glycerol

glycerophospholipid

sphingolipids

glycolipids

fatty acids

steroids


1) Compounds that contain a fused ring system are called _____. These have three 6-membered rings and one 5-membered ring. some of these compounds are found in biological membranes.

2) _____ are the building blocks for many lipids, and they generally contain an even number of carbon atoms and an unbranched hydrocarbon chain.

3) _____ are formed when a carbohydrate is glycosidically-linked to a hydroxyl group of a lipid. Examples include gangliosides and cerebrosides. These are also found in biological membranes.

4) _____ are the storage form of lipids, accumulating in adipose tissue, and they can be used as metabolic fuel. These compounds have a polar part, made of three ester groups, and a nonpolar fatty acid tail.

5) _____ are made up of a long-chain amino alcohol joined, either by a glycosidic linkage or a phosphodiester linkage, to a fatty acid. These do not contain _____. they are abundant in the nervous system.

6) When glycerol esterified to two fatty acids and a phosphoric acid molecule a _____ is formed. These are found in biological membranes.

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