Ch. 4 - BiomoleculesWorksheetSee all chapters
All Chapters
Ch. 1 - Introduction to Biology
Ch. 2 - Chemistry
Ch. 3 - Water
Ch. 4 - Biomolecules
Ch. 5 - Cell Components
Ch. 6 - The Membrane
Ch. 7 - Energy and Metabolism
Ch. 8 - Respiration
Ch. 9 - Photosynthesis
Ch. 10 - Cell Signaling
Ch. 11 - Cell Division
Ch. 12 - Meiosis
Ch. 13 - Mendelian Genetics
Ch. 14 - DNA Synthesis
Ch. 15 - Gene Expression
Ch. 16 - Regulation of Expression
Ch. 17 - Viruses
Ch. 18 - Biotechnology
Ch. 19 - Genomics
Ch. 20 - Development
Ch. 21 - Evolution by Natural Selection
Ch. 22 - Evolution of Populations
Ch. 23 - Speciation
Ch. 24 - History of Life on Earth
Ch. 25 - Phylogeny
Ch. 26 - Prokaryotes
Ch. 28 - Protists
Ch. 29 - Plants
Ch. 30 - Fungi
Ch. 31 - Overview of Animals
Ch. 32 - Invertebrates
Ch. 33 - Vertebrates
Ch. 34 - Plant Anatomy
Ch. 35 - Vascular Plant Transport
Ch. 36 - Soil
Ch. 37 - Plant Reproduction
Ch. 38 - Plant Sensation and Response
Ch. 39 - Animal Form and Function
Ch. 40 - Digestive System
Ch. 41 - Circulatory System
Ch. 42 - Immune System
Ch. 43 - Osmoregulation and Excretion
Ch. 44 - Endocrine System
Ch. 45 - Animal Reproduction
Ch. 46 - Nervous System
Ch. 47 - Sensory Systems
Ch. 48 - Muscle Systems
Ch. 49 - Ecology
Ch. 50 - Animal Behavior
Ch. 51 - Population Ecology
Ch. 52 - Community Ecology
Ch. 53 - Ecosystems
Ch. 54 - Conservation Biology
Sections
Carbon
Functional Groups
Introduction to Biomolecules
Monomers & Polymers
Carbohydrates
Proteins
Nucleic Acids
Lipids

Example #1: What is the difference between the sugar group in DNA and the sugar group in RNA?

Practice: Which of the following descriptions best fits the class of molecules known as nucleotides?

a) A nitrogenous base & a phosphate group.

b) A nitrogenous base & a sugar.

c) A nitrogenous base, phosphate group & a sugar.

d) A nitrogenous base, a carbohydrate, & a sugar.

Concept #3: 5 Nitrogenous Bases

Example #2: The purine nitrogenous bases are _____________:

Practice: The four nitrogenous bases commonly found if DNA are:  

a) Adenine, thymine, cytosine, uracil 

b) Uracil, adenine, cytosine, guanine.

c) Uracil, cytosine, guanine, thymine.

d) Adenine, thymine, cytosine, guanine.

e) None are correct.

Concept #4: Formation & Breakdown of Nucleic Acids

Practice: Which of the following statements about DNA structure is true?

a) The nucleic acid strands in a DNA molecule are oriented antiparallel to each other.

b) Nucleic acids are formed through phosphodiester bonds that link complementary nucleobases together.

c) Hydrogen bonds formed between the sugar-phosphate backbones of the two DNA chains stabilize the structure.

d) The pentose sugar in DNA is ribose (containing two hydroxyl groups).