Ch.43 - Immune SystemSee all chapters
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Ch.1 - Introduction to Biology
Ch.2 - Chemistry
Ch.3 - Water
Ch.4 - Carbon
Ch.5 - Biological Molecules
Ch.6 - Cells
Ch.7 - The Membrane
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Ch.17 - Gene Expression
Ch.18 - Regulation of Expression
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Ch.37 - Soil
Ch.38 - Plant Reproduction
Ch.39 - Plant Sensation and Response
Ch.40 - Animal Form and Function
Ch.41 - Digestive System
Ch.42 - Circulatory System
Ch.43 - Immune System
Ch.44 - Osmoregulation and Excretion
Ch.45 - Endocrine System
Ch.46 - Animal Reproduction
Ch.47 - Nervous System
Ch.48 - Sensory Systems
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Ch.55 - Conservation Biology

Immune System

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Sections
Immune System
Innate Immunity
Adaptive Immunity

Concept #2: Lymphatic System

Concept #3: Immune System Cells

Additional Problems
Which of the following is an INACCURATE statement regarding lymph nodes?a. Immune system cells are only located in the cortex.b. Lymph is channeled toward the hilus.c. Nodes can have several efferent and afferent vessels.d. Trabeculae compartmentalize the node.
The complement system is ________.a. a set of proteins involved in innate but not acquired immunityb. a group of proteins that includes interferons and interleukinsc. a group of proteins that act together in a cascade fashiond. a set of proteins that act individually to attack and lyse microbes
Clonal selection is an explanation for how ________.a. V, J, and C gene segments are rearrangedb. an antigen can provoke production of high amounts of specific antibodiesc. HIV (human immunodeficiency virus) can disrupt the immune systemd. macrophages can recognize specific T cells and B cells 
Lymphocytes mature in the ________.I) spleenII) thymusIII) bone marrowa. only I and IIIb. only I and IIc. only II and IIId. I, II, and III
Which of the following are similarities between B cells and T cells?I) They both recognize antigen using immunoglobulin receptors.II) Both B cells and T cells undergo clonal selection after encountering an antigen.III) B cells and T cells both maintain an immunological memory of previously encountered antigens.a. only IIIb. only IIc. both II and IIId. both I and II 
T cells of the immune system include ________.a. CD4, CD8, and plasma cellsb. cytotoxic and helper cellsc. plasma, antigen-presenting, and memory cellsd. lymphocytes, macrophages, and dendritic cells
B cells interacting with helper T cells are stimulated to differentiate when ________.a. B cells produce IgE antibodiesb. B cells release cytokinesc. cytotoxic T cells present the class II MHC molecule-antigen complex on their surfaced. helper T cells release cytokines
Which of the following components of the immune system destroys cancerous cells by punching holes in plasma membranes and triggering apoptosis?a. toll-like proteinsb. macrophagesc. plasma cellsd. cytotoxic T cells
What is the difference between immediate and delayed hypersensitivies?
Where in the body are white blood cells produced?
Name 2 lymphatic ducts and indicate the body regions usually drained by each.
List seven different autoimmune diseases.
Name 2 causes of swollen lymph nodes (sometimes incorrectly called "swollen glands?" Of these 2 causes, which one would have painful lymph nodes?
How are antibody molecules transferred from a mother to a child during breastfeedingi?
Describe the histological structure of lymph nodes.
An individual who has a pathogen but shows no effects is a A. mutantB. carrierC. vectorD. incident
Explain Epitope, primary and secondary immune responses and how they relate to immune evasion.
Describe/illustrate the generic structure of an antibody identifying the locations of the two antigen binding sites.
 State the biological function of antibodies.
What is an antigen?
Describe the components of cell mediated immunity. Describe the importance of the Thymus and how it relates to cell mediated immunity.
Almost everyone has had a cold at one time or another. Some mild and some rather severe in their symptoms. Which of the viruses is responsible for the common cold? Roughly how many types are there?
Describe the components of humoral immunity. Describe the importance of the bone marrow and how it relates to humoral immunity.
How might a person be affected by the inability to generate lgM (either secreted or embedded in the membrane of naive B cells)?
Describe the primary and secondary immune responses, indicating when each might occur and how long it takes to mount a full response, as well as WHY they are different. Also describe 2 ways you can have active immunity and 2 ways of passive immunity, and which one produces the primary and secondary responses.
How is lymph transported in the body?
 Identify anatomic and physiologic barriers that defend the body against microorganisms. 
Describe at least four functions of antibodies.
As an infant receives her first dose of oral polio vaccine, the nurse explains to her parents that the vaccine is a preparation of weakened virus. What type of immunity will the infant develop?
Explain how the inflammatory response aids in fighting infection.
How is lymph transported in the body?
LymphA. returns fluid through vessels that connect to the aortaB. forms at the rate of 2-3 liters per dayC. is mainly water and is free of proteinsD. flows through the venous network of vessels from the peripheryE. is propelled by gravity
What lymphoid organ is important in young people, and then atrophies in adults?
Describe the typical stages of disease. 
This antibody is the largest of the antibodies and it responds first during an immune response (primary immune response). This antibody is the most abundant antibody in the blood and it is the predominant antibody produced in the secondary response.