Ch.47 - Nervous SystemSee all chapters
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Ch.1 - Introduction to Biology
Ch.2 - Chemistry
Ch.3 - Water
Ch.4 - Carbon
Ch.5 - Biological Molecules
Ch.6 - Cells
Ch.7 - The Membrane
Ch.8 - Energy and Metabolism
Ch.9 - Respiration
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Ch.41 - Digestive System
Ch.42 - Circulatory System
Ch.43 - Immune System
Ch.44 - Osmoregulation and Excretion
Ch.45 - Endocrine System
Ch.46 - Animal Reproduction
Ch.47 - Nervous System
Ch.48 - Sensory Systems
Ch.49 - Muscle Systems
Ch.50 - Ecology
Ch.51 - Animal Behavior
Ch.52 - Population Ecology
Ch.53 - Community Ecology
Ch.54 - Ecosystems
Ch.55 - Conservation Biology

Central and Peripheral Nervous System

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Additional Problems
Trace the path of circulation of cerebral spinal fluid (CSF) from production to absorption.a. ventricles of the brain, choroid plexus, arachnoid villi, subarachnoid spaceb. arachnoid villi, ventricles of the brain, subarachnoid space, choroid plexus, superior sagittal sinusc. choroid plexus, ventricles of the brain, subarachnoid space, arachnoid villi, superior sagittal sinusd. third ventricle, fourth ventricle, central canal of spinal cord, lateral and median apertures
In which of the following structures would you expect to see afferent ganglia?a. adrenal glandb. neuromuscular junctionc. glossopharyngeal nerved. spinal cord
Which type of fibers are found in the hypoglossal nerve (CN XII)?a. motor to the muscles of the tongueb. sensory and motor to the entire tonguec. motor to the intrinsic muscles of the tongue onlyd. sensory from the anterior 2/3 of the tongue; motor to extrinsic muscles of the tongue
The three stages of information processing in animals include ________.a. chemical senses, mechanoreception, and visionb. dendrites, a cell body, and an axonc. a presynaptic cell, neurotransmitters, and a postsynaptic celld. sensory reception, an integrating center, and effectors (motor neurons)
Most of the neurons in the human central nervous system are ________. a. sensory neurons b. motor neurons c. interneurons d. peripheral neurons
Which of the following is NOT required for a reflex arc?a. motor neuronsb. receptorsc. sensory neuronsd. interneurons
The part of the brain that functions to coordinate voluntary muscle movements is thea. cerebrum.b. brain stem.c. cerebellum.d. corpus callosum.
Which of the following is most closely associated with the diencephalon?a. thalamusb. cerebral aqueductc. cerebral pedunclesd. red nucleus
The complex network of tiny islands of gray matter within the brain that activates the cerebral cortex to a state of wakefulness is thea. dentate nucleus.b. reticular formation.c. limbic system.d. corpora quadrigemina.
The spinothalamic tract conducts impulsesa. from the thalamus to the cerebral cortex.b. up the spinal cord to the thalamus.c. down the spinal cord from the thalamus.d. that stimulate movements in skeletal muscles.
Both the endocrine and nervous systems transmit information around an animal's body. Which of the following is a characteristic of nervous system signals?a. allow gradual changes to take place in the bodyb. travel quickly, allowing rapid transmission of signalsc. usually impact the entire bodyd. a voltage change must occur
Most types of communication between cells utilize ________.a. the exchange of cytosol between the cellsb. the movement of the cellsc. chemical or electrical signalsd. the exchange of DNA between the cells
When the sympathetic nervous system is stimulated, what happens at veins? How does change to veins help with increasing heart stroke volume?
1. What controls the interactions of central nervous system with external world? 2. What controls the interactions of central nervous system with the rest of our body internally? 3. How many cranial nerves and spinal nerves we have (number)? Where are they located (ventral side or dorsal side??)
You need to remember the location and function of the major components of brains: 1) basal ganglia 2) thalamus 3) hypothalamus 4) hippocampus 5) brain stem includes midbrain, pons and medulla oblongata.
What is gray matter? What is white matter? In the subcortical areas, what is the of neurons which aggregate together? In the PNS, what is the name of neuros aggregate together?
Describe the functional difference between anterior and posterior roots of spinal nerves.
Autism is a complex disorder because:A. There are many proteins involved.B. Every individual displays the same developmental disorders.C. Two individuals could have the exact same mutation, but have different levels of developmental disorder.D. There are many genes involved.
In response to low blood pressure, explain how the parasympathetic and sympathetic nervous systems respond in order to bring the blood pressure back to normal ranges. Explain the effects of both of parasympathetic and sympathetic on: a) heart rate
Compare and contrast interneurons, sensory neurons, and motor neurons.
Multiple sclerosis is a disease that results in a lack of myelin on nerves in the brain and spinal cord. What cells are responsible for producing myelin there and briefly explain myelination including the function it serves.
Describe the primary function of the following parts of the brain: a. Medulla oblongata b. Cerebellum
While watching a scary Halloween movie, you notice that your heart is pumping fast, your pupils are dilated and you are breathing quickly. Which division of the nervous system is responsible for this response?
Briefly describe the functions of the nervous system
List the two branches of the autonomic nervous system along with the transmitter and receptor at each synapse. Also list the location of the cell bodies for the preganglionic neurons of each branch.