Sections
Carbohydrates
Monosaccharides
Stereochemistry of Monosaccharides
Monosaccharide Configurations
Cyclic Monosaccharides
Hemiacetal vs. Hemiketal
Anomer
Mutarotation
Pyranose Conformations
Common Monosaccharides
Derivatives of Monosaccharides
Reducing Sugars
Reducing Sugars Tests
Glycosidic Bond
Disaccharides
Glycoconjugates
Polysaccharide
Cellulose
Chitin
Peptidoglycan
Starch
Glycogen
Lectins

Concept #1: Stereochemistry of Monosaccharides

Concept #2: Calculating # of Stereoisomers

Concept #3: Monosaccharide Epimers

Practice: Which sugar is an enantiomer of sugar A? How many stereoisomers does sugar A have?

Practice: Use the Fischer projections of the four monosaccharides below to answer the next two problems (A & B).

A) The term that best describes the relationship of all four sugars to each other is:

a) Diastereomers. 

b) Enantiomers. 

c) Epimers.

Concept #4: Review of Monosaccharide Isomers

Practice: Two sugars which differ from one another only in configuration of one of many chiral carbon atoms are termed:

Practice: Amongst the aldopentoses shown below, identify the pairs that are enantiomers.

____ and ____

____ and ____

____ and ____

____ and ____

Practice: Which term best describes the relationship between D-Mannose & L-Mannose? 

Practice: According to the Fischer projections of the following monosaccharides, circle the C-5 epimer of L-Talose?