Sections
Carbohydrates
Monosaccharides
Stereochemistry of Monosaccharides
Monosaccharide Configurations
Cyclic Monosaccharides
Hemiacetal vs. Hemiketal
Anomer
Mutarotation
Pyranose Conformations
Common Monosaccharides
Derivatives of Monosaccharides
Reducing Sugars
Reducing Sugars Tests
Glycosidic Bond
Disaccharides
Glycoconjugates
Polysaccharide
Cellulose
Chitin
Peptidoglycan
Starch
Glycogen
Lectins

Concept #1: Reducing Sugars

Concept #2: Reducing Sugars vs. Non-Reducing Sugars

Practice: Which chemical modification (I-IV) converts D-fructofuranose from a reducing to a non-reducing carbohydrate?

Practice: Which of the following disaccharides are reducing sugars?

Practice: Which chemical group below indicates that the sugar is a reducing disaccharide? Is “C” an acetal or ketal?

Practice: Which of the molecules below have a reducing end?