Clutch Prep is now a part of Pearson
Ch. 9 - CarbohydratesWorksheetSee all chapters
All Chapters
Ch. 1 - Introduction to Biochemistry
Ch. 2 - Water
Ch. 3 - Amino Acids
Ch. 4 - Protein Structure
Ch. 5 - Protein Techniques
Ch. 6 - Enzymes and Enzyme Kinetics
Ch. 7 - Enzyme Inhibition and Regulation
Ch. 8 - Protein Function
Ch. 9 - Carbohydrates
Ch. 10 - Lipids
Ch. 11 - Biological Membranes and Transport
Ch. 12 - Biosignaling
Clutch Review 1: Nucleic Acids, Lipids, & Membranes
Clutch Review 2: Biosignaling, Glycolysis, Gluconeogenesis, & PP-Pathway
Clutch Review 3: Pyruvate & Fatty Acid Oxidation, Citric Acid Cycle, & Glycogen Metabolism
Clutch Review 4: Amino Acid Oxidation, Oxidative Phosphorylation, & Photophosphorylation
Sections
Carbohydrates
Monosaccharides
Stereochemistry of Monosaccharides
Monosaccharide Configurations
Cyclic Monosaccharides
Hemiacetal vs. Hemiketal
Anomer
Mutarotation
Pyranose Conformations
Common Monosaccharides
Derivatives of Monosaccharides
Reducing Sugars
Reducing Sugars Tests
Glycosidic Bond
Disaccharides
Glycoconjugates
Polysaccharide
Cellulose
Chitin
Peptidoglycan
Starch
Glycogen
Lectins

Concept #1: Cyclization of Monosaccharides

Concept #2: Cyclization Forms Hemiacetals & Hemiketals

Practice: Which of the following is a hemiketal?

Practice: For monosaccharides to cyclize, an alcohol group must attack a carbonyl group within the same sugar.

A) Which carbon of the linear ketohexose shown below has the reactive carbonyl?

a) C1.

b) C2.

c) C3.

d) C4.

e) C5.

B) Upon cyclization, would a hemiacetal or hemiketal form?

Practice: Use the image of the following glucose molecule to answer the questions.

A) Upon cyclization, which of the red circled carbons becomes the anomeric carbon?

a) A. 

b) B. 

c) C. 

d) D. 

e) E.

B) Upon cyclization, would a hemiacetal or hemiketal form?

Practice: In the reaction shown below the compound on the far right is a: