Sections
Carbohydrates
Monosaccharides
Stereochemistry of Monosaccharides
Monosaccharide Configurations
Cyclic Monosaccharides
Hemiacetal vs. Hemiketal
Anomer
Mutarotation
Pyranose Conformations
Common Monosaccharides
Derivatives of Monosaccharides
Reducing Sugars
Reducing Sugars Tests
Glycosidic Bond
Disaccharides
Glycoconjugates
Polysaccharide
Cellulose
Chitin
Peptidoglycan
Starch
Glycogen
Lectins

Concept #1: Monosaccharide Cyclization Generates α and β Anomers

Example #1: Which of the following molecules are anomers?

Practice: The ___/___ configuration of a monosaccharide is determined by the ________________ of the chiral carbon furthest from the carbonyl group, while the ___/___ anomers are determined by _______________ of the anomeric carbon.

Practice: Circle the α and β anomers for the following D-monosaccharide:

Practice: Answer the following questions regarding the following cyclic monosaccharide shown below:

A) Clearly label the hemiacetal carbon.

B) The monosaccharide is a(n) _________ anomer.
a) Alpha (α).
b) Beta (β).

C) Draw the opposite anomer.

D) Draw the α stereoisomer that differs in the arrangement of substituents at C2.