Ch.16 - Electroanalytical TechniquesWorksheetSee all chapters
All Chapters
Ch.1 - Chemical Measurements
Ch.2 - Tools of the Trade
Ch.3 - Experimental Error
Ch.4 + 5 - Statistics, Quality Assurance and Calibration Methods
Ch.6 - Chemical Equilibrium
Ch.7 - Activity and the Systematic Treatment of Equilibrium
Ch.8 - Monoprotic Acid-Base Equilibria
Ch.9 - Polyprotic Acid-Base Equilibria
Ch.10 - Acid-Base Titrations
Ch.11 - EDTA Titrations
Ch.12 - Advanced Topics in Equilibrium
Ch.13 - Fundamentals of Electrochemistry
Ch.14 - Electrodes and Potentiometry
Ch.15 - Redox Titrations
Ch.16 - Electroanalytical Techniques
Ch.17 - Fundamentals of Spectrophotometry
BONUS: Chemical Kinetics
Sections
Fundamentals of Electrolysis
Gravimetric Analysis
Coulometry
Voltammetry
Electrolysis 

Concept #1:

Electrolysis deals with passing an electrical current through a substance in order to produce chemical changes.

 

Example #1:

Aluminum can be electroplated at the cathode of an electrolysis cell by the half-reaction:

Al3+ (aq) + 3 e  → Al (s)

How much time would it take for 825 mg of aluminum to be plated at a current of 4.1 A?

 

Example #2: In the electrolysis of molecular iodine to iodide ions for 0.15 M NaI solution containing 4.2 x 10-4 M I2 at a pH = 6.00 with PO2 = 1.25 bar, calculate the voltage needed to drive the reaction. 

Practice: During electrolysis the concentration of I2 increases to 8.3 x 10 -3 M, while all other concentrations remain unchanged. If the electrical resistance is 1.8 ohms, the current is 71 mA, the anode overpotential is 0.013 V and the cathode overpotential is 0.115 V, what is the voltage needed? 

Electrolysis Calculations 

Example #3:

Gold can be plated out of a solution containing Au3+ based on the following half reaction: 

Au3+ (aq) + 3 e  → Au (s)

a) What mass of gold is plated by a 41 minute flow of 6.8 A current?    

Example #4:

A solution of Mn+5 is used to plate out Mn in an electrochemical cell. If a total of 1.13 g of Mn is plated out in a total time of 1600 seconds, what was the electrical current used? (MW of Mn is 54.94 g/mol)

 

Example #5:

EXAMPLE: If steady current of 15 amperes is provided by a stable voltage of 12 Volts for 600 seconds, answer each of the following questions.

a)  Calculate the total charge that passes through the circuit in this time.

b)  Calculate the total number of moles of electrons that pass through the circuit in this time.

c)  Calculate the total amount of energy that passes through the circuit in this time.

d)  Calculate the power that the battery provides during this process.